Introduction about the District
The Vavuniya district is bounded in the East by Anuradhapura district West by Mannar district North by Mullaithivu district and South by Anuradhapura district. The famous A9 highway the railway line from Colombo Fort to Kankesenthurai and the railway line from Colombo Fort to Talaimannar are passing through the district.
The main rivers of Kanakarayen aru, Pali aru, Paranki aru and the branches of same are also passing through the district.
Information of Vavuniya District
|Name of the Administrative District
|Total Land Area
|No.of Divisional Secretariats
|No.of Gramaniladhari Divisions
According to the historical evidence it is said as the region was ruled by a Tamil king named “Pandara Vanniyan” before the district was captured by English. The Mullaithivu district was a portion of this district before 1980. Consequent to the domestic war situation prevailed from 1990 certain areas of Vavunya district ie. Puliyankulam Nedungerny etc and major portion of the districts of Mullaithivu, Kilinochchi had been existed out of the control of Sri Lankan forces till 2009 and the essential food relief and other supplies had been effected with the approval of the Wanni Security Force Headquarters on recommendation of civil authorities by overland conveys from Vavuniya district During the period the public used Vavuniya as a social point / place of transits to have communication over the phone with their relation abroad; to get the financial assistant from them, to take away the essential requirements, and precede Colombo by train and /or Jaffna through Trincomalee over the sea. Most of the families with no assistance in Vanni had been displaced to Vavuniya.
Above all; subsequent in the final war all civilian in Vanni had been brought to Vavuniya afforded with welfare facilities and send back for resettlement to their native places. In this way Vavuniya district register a place in the modern history.
Natural Resources and method of Irrigation
In Vavuniya district plenty of water and fertile lands available. Some rocky land also exists in certain areas. The main income generation activity is the cultivation. However people are engaged in minor industries, textile fabrication, and livestock raring and business as well. The liquid milk produced over the requirement is sent to other districts for production of milk items.
The district is self sufficient in production of paddy and the excess production is sent to other districts in the form of paddy and rice. Fresh water fishing is being conducted in small scale in the inland water source but major section of sea fishes are being brought from Mannar, Mullaithivu and Trincomalee.
Coconut is cultivated in very small scale. Major portion of coconut for consumption is being brought from Puttalam and Kurunegala Districts. Portion of the requirement of vegetables are supplied by Dhambulla trading center. The water flows center to the minor rivers of the district from Kanakarayan aru, Parangiyen
aru and Pali aru. During the Maha season paddy and other grains are being cultivated on dependence of rain. At the Yala season paddy and other grains are produced in the with the water available in tanks.
In the summer fruits crops like bananas, papaya etc and vegetables are being product by using the water from wells. There are no drip irrigation systems in the district. Though drip irrigation system is required for certain high land.
Population and major occupation
The population of the district on 2012.12.31 as per report from divisional secretaries is 186,615 member of 52,408 families. Out of them 43,200 members are residing in the town areas and 143,415 are in rural areas. The population density for urban areas is 2,476 person for square km and 47 people per square km in rural areas. The ethnic wise ratio is Tamils 83.78%, Sinhalese 9.72% and Muslims 6.5% .
The major livelihood activities of the district are cultivation, minor industries, livestock raring and business major section of the staff officers are natives or those who reside in the district itself. The activities of Vavuniya financial institution are being held successfully. The private sector and NGOO are contributing a lot to the livelihood of the district. However a small section of the people of the district are residing scatter over the country due to the war situation prevailed in the past. It is also observed that many educated youths are without suitable job opportunities. However, 315 Graduates had been absorbed into the Government service as trainees in last year.