The Kilinochchi District is situated in the Northern part of the Island, including land area of approximately 1,237.11 square km and an inland water way of 44.30 square km. The average density of population is 124 persons per square km.
The Kilinochchi District falls within the electoral district of Jaffna and is represented by 9 members of Parliament. The district is conterminous with the Jaffna District to the North and the Mullaitivu District to the East and South.
The district is divided into 4 Administrative Divisions, common with the Divisional Secretariat Divisions. These are Karachchi, Kandawalai, Poonagary and Pachchilaipallai, consisting in total of 95 newly demarcated Grama Officer Divisions.
The District falls within the dry zone eco-climatic division of the island. The average annual rainfall in the region amounts to 1100 mm, nearly 75% of which is received during the North-East monsoonal period from September to Decemb er. The remainin g p eriod of the y ear is p redominantlydry with the peak of the dry season being June to August. The average monthly temperature ranges from 30-35 centigrade.
The total estimated population is 119,611, including 30,094 non-displaced and 89,517 resettled (inclusive of IDPs).
The student population of 31,451 attend 99 schools in the district. There are 1,223 teachers. The Technical Institute at Kilinochchi provides elementary technological education.
The cultivation of paddy is the main occupation of more that 80% of population. The cultivation of 20,875 hectares was targeted during M aha 2004/2005. Farmers achieved the planting of 19,869 hectares and 17,287 hectares were eventually harvested.
75% of the land in the district is under forest cover and 60% is marginal. The cultivable land amounts to 105,596 hectares, of which nearly 60% is dedicated to paddy, 15% for subsidiary food crops and the balance with perennial crops such as coconut, mango, bananas, palmyra and lime.
The fisheries are the second largest employer of the people in the district. Normally, the district’s 30 fishing villages h ave a great p otential to en gage in d eep sea and Karavalai fishin g from the two coastal belts, 28 miles long in the East and 52 miles long in the West. However, the imp osition of restrictions has adversely affected the fishing industry.
Fishermen have access to fresh water fishing in the Iranaimadhu, Akkarayan, Vannerikulam and Kariyalainagapaduvan tanks.